Requirements for Yachtmaster Offshore exam
There is some confusion around the requirements for the RYA Yachtmaster Offshore Coastal or Offshore exam. We hope this guide helps explain these requirements.
Requirements for the Yachtmaster Offshore exam
To sit the RYA Yachtmaster offshore exam you are required to have, as a minimum, the following experience. All completed within the last 10 years:
- 50 days at sea on yachts upto 500GT and a minimum of 2,500 miles logged before you sit the exam. At least half the sea time must be in tidal waters.
- During this time you would have completed five passages of over 60 miles**. Two of these passages would have been at night and two acting as skipper.
- Five days experience as skipper.
- Short-range radio certificate (VHF), or equivalent.
- A valid first aid certificate.
- You must be 18 years old to sit the exam.
** All 5 qualifying passages must have been on a vessel between 7 and 24m in length.
Sea time requirements for RYA Yachtmaster Coastal
- 30 days at sea on a vessel less than 24m in length, and a minimum of 800 miles logged before you sit the exam. At least half the sea time must be in tidal waters.
- Two-days as skipper, on a vessel less than 24m in length.
- 12 night hours.
- Short-range radio certificate (VHF), or equivalent.
- A valid First Aid certificate.
- You must be 17 years old at the time of the exam.
If you hold the Coastal Skipper course completion certificate then the miles required for Yachtmaster Coastal reduce to 400.
What if all my sea time has been on Superyachts over 24m in length?
The RYA has agreed that 50% (1,250) of the qualifying sea time gained on a vessel over 24m can be used towards the 2,500 miles required for the Yachtmaster Offshore exam.
You will need to provide a testimonial or Discharge book confirming 1,250 sea miles.
The other 50% of the qualifying sea time must have been completed on vessels between 7 and 24 meters in length. Some Superyachts have large tenders and chase boats, in this case, any miles gained at the helm goes some way to 1,250 sea miles.
How to record your miles for the RYA Yachtmaster exam?
The miles that you have gained during your time at sea can be recorded in either:
- RYA’s G158 logbook
- A CV
- An Excel spreadsheet
When recording sea time make sure you detail: dates, name, and type of vessel used. Details of the passages, miles sailed, any night hours and the number of days onboard should be logged. Your experience would have been built up over a period of time on various types of yachts.
Flying Fish has created a simple spreadsheet that you can use to record your sea miles.
First aid qualification for RYA Yachtmaster
You must have a valid, in-date first aid qualification to sit the Yachtmaster Coastal or Offshore exam. RYA first aid, STCW, Seafish, and St Johns first aid certificates are all accepted by the RYA.
If you hold the STCW Elementary First Aid certificate that was issued more than 5 years ago then you will need to refresh your first aid qualification before sitting the Yachtmaster exam.
Should I choose Yachtmaster power or sail?
The RYA offer two practical schemes depending on whether you like Power or Sail. Both Power and Sail schemes lead to the RYA/MCA Yachmaster Offshore Certificate of Competence. The requirements for the Yachtmaster Offshore power or sail qualification are the same. If you intend to work on a Motorboat then choose Yachtmaster Power and vice versa.
Many choose to complete the RYA Yachtmaster offshore exam as it is the qualification that leads to a career as a Commercial Skipper. If this is your chosen path then in addition to the sea time requirements above you will need:
Once you have completed these three steps then you can apply for commercial endorsement through the RYA. It can take a couple of weeks for your certificate to arrive in the post, so plan ahead.
Complete STCW Basic Safety Training then the RYA/MCA Yachtmaster Offshore certificate will be endorsed to allow the holder to skipper a commercial or privately owned vessel up to 200 gross tones, which may be greater than 24m in length.
Do I need RYA Yachtmaster Theory?
In short, yes. To become an RYA Yachtmaster offshore then you need to be able to navigate as well as handle the boat at sea. Furthermore, holding the RYA Yachtmaster Theory as well as your Yachtmaster Offshore certificate of competence is required if your goal is the Officer of the Watch 3000GT. If you have not sat at the chart table for a while then consider a combined Yachtmaster Offshore Theory and practical prep course.
What other skills do I need before I join a prep course?
If you are considering a Yachtmaster Prep course then as well as the sea time requirements above it would help you if you did some background reading before your prep course. It would help if you had a good knowledge of the following:
- Knowledge of I.R.P.C.S (rules of the road) and distress signals
- Have an understanding of Weather, the passage of frontal depression, sea breeze, fog, effects of wind and tide and terminology used in a weather forecast.
- Navigation. Have an understanding of how to calculate tidal heights, course to steer and estimated position
- Are able to tie the basic knots
- Have knowledge of Radar and how to use it for collision avoidance
- Have an up to date G158 logbook (which can be purchased online)with all your sea time, skippered passages filled out. The general outline of the exam syllabus can be found on page within the G158..